PROFILE OF USERS OF AMBULATORY AND HOSPITAL SERVICES

Autores

  • Flávio Alberto Oliva Universidade do Oeste Paulista
  • Maria Lúcia Ribeiro Universidade de Araraquara - Uniara
  • Marina Armelin Silva Universidade do Oeste Paulista - Unoeste
  • Marjori Leiva Camparoto Universidade do Oeste Paulista - Unoeste
  • Telma Reginato Martins Universidade do Oeste Paulista - Unoeste

Resumo

The goal of this study was to understand the gender and age profile of the users of ambulatory services at public hospital. Gender and age are fundamental elements for the construction of public policies at local and regional level. We performed a 3-year retrospective data collection, regarding age and gender of the population of the outpatient clinic of the public hospital between 2013 and 2015. It is a research with quantitative approach performed through three databases from january 2013 to December 2015 totaling 460.505 consultations. The database of the public hospital was adopted as the primary source, it was also consulted the database of the last two censuses of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and the database of the Regional Health Division. The cross-checking of data, through Microsoft Excel and the Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) software, allowed the construction of a graph structured by gender and age according to the standards defined by IBGE on 2010, as well as the comparison between age and gender profile of the total population attended by public hospital and its consultations. The female audience represents 60.5% of the attendances, while the male population accounts for 39.5%. Only in the age groups between 0 and 14 and 85 to 89 years the male audience is larger. The difference in care is accentuated in the middle of the pyramid, in the ranges between 30 and 69 years, during which time women are responsible for 65.5% of the attendances against 34.5% of men. Such gender proportional differences are maintained on the total population, the only significant variation is on the age group from 80 and older where although there is a female majority of users, there is also a larger female majority on the population. Studies show that women make more references to health problems than men, as these represent, according to the male imagination, virility and strength, not representing vulnerability to the disease. Men do not recognize themselves as targets of health care and they are less likely to seek health services for cultural reasons, mainly, opening space for discussion about social inequalities in health between men and women.

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Publicado

2020-09-17

Como Citar

Oliva, F. A., Ribeiro, M. L. ., Silva, M. A., Camparoto, M. L., & Martins, T. R. (2020). PROFILE OF USERS OF AMBULATORY AND HOSPITAL SERVICES. Colloquium Vitae. ISSN: 1984-6436, 12(2), 70-79. Recuperado de http://revistas.unoeste.br/index.php/cv/article/view/3362